Spelling is an essential component of language development. However, many students in the early age of 6-10 years struggle to master this skill.
Children struggle to spell, especially in English, because many words do not look as they are spelt, the rules confuse them, and few do not focus on spelling correctly. When children cannot spell quickly and accurately, even though they think fast, it may gradually affect the choice of words they use. For example, a child may choose to use the word "good" instead of "delicious" to describe a dish's taste even though the child may know the meaning of the more complex word.
When spelling is inaccurate, language and communication are compromised. Children feel stressed because they may not know what they are doing wrong and spend time, energy thinking about the correct form of the word, affecting the thought flow. It affects their confidence to read and write, and as they grow older, avoid reading and writing notes.
Some strategies parents use to help are asking the child to memorize or write a list of words five to ten times or to sound the words phonetically. While this may work at times, many times, they do not.
One possible solution to help a child spell accurately is to have a clear internal picture of the word, spell it and then sound the word. When a child can visually capture the word, the child instantly connects the sound and sight of the word; the word becomes familiar, and therefore, the ability to observe and recognize a misspelt word becomes stronger. Using colours to the visual image of the word can make learning exciting and effective for the child.